Click here to download the FAMSA Bulletin Issue No. 001FAMSA BULLETIN

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE; Can we stop it before it stops us?

Antibiotics, once considered one of the best discoveries of the 20th century have now become a problem with the rise of antibiotic resistance in our health care facilities and even in the community. With this we have studied that effective use of any antibiotic is compromised by the possibility of developing resistance to the active component of the drug.

According to C. Lee Ventola and colleagues, main causes of antibiotic resistance are overuse, inappropriate prescribing, extensive agricultural use, unavailability of newer antibiotics and poor regulatory barriers. The CDC reports that every year 2 million people in the US acquire serious infections with bacteria that are resistant to one or more

Everyone is to blame. The government, the health personnel and even the patient. If the government permits antibiotics to be sold over the counter in all pharmacies, we cannot expect change. If Doctors give wrong prescriptions in terms of dosages or drug choices, what do we expect? And patients who choose to skip a dose of their medication rather than skipping alcohol at an event and not forgetting those who have mini-pharmacies in their bags for ‘rainy days’, what do we expect?

The problem of antibiotic resistance may increase exponentially if nothing is done within 20 years, resistant strains of germs are transmitted from one person to another and the death rates keep increasing, cost of preventing and treating infections has increased drastically, more and more money goes to research for development of newer and safer antibiotics.

Now we must understand that the fight against antibiotic resistance must not be left to doctors alone.

Linonge E. Christie
7th year –Medicine
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Buea, Cameroon.


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OCTOBER 5 to 9

The program officially kick started on Wednesday the 5th of October with the arrival of delegates and registration of delegates, not much could be done due to the time of arrival, but University Of Cape Coast medical student association gave a wonderful reception, with excellent accommodation and feeding (pictures included below), and an Sexually Transmitted Infection Lecture took place which was wow!!!

As we go on everything was perfect from the accommodation, electricity, mosquito free environment, we advanced to other days with fun and academically filled programs, which includes the Famsa Orientations, free general screening of the Amamoma Community, the Sexual Right and Reproductive Health charge took place. Believe me, that was fun as several delegates kept pepetaing (only if you were around, can you understand) the ball, we also had an enlightment as regards the forth coming Nigerian Medical Students Association Female International Summit, we had the MSA presidents and Gen Sec Forum which was also graced by the President Ghana MSA Mr ERIC GYAN.

As if that was not enough, a football match took place with FAMSA delegates against  the host UCCMSA, with FAMSA DELEGATES winning the match by 1 goal to nill.

Friday came along as we went to BOTI FALLS and a Resort for for the excursion, it was a full day, pictures would indicate that below

On Saturday, it dawn on us all that the program was about coming to an end, like they say, all good things have an end, we had the caucus meeting, we had some deliberations and Identified the need for school to put into consideration making medical students available to attend more of such conferences and also supporting the students, the FAMSA ADMIN, ONAGA ZITA also gave a charge and expatiated on the functions of the FAMSA ADMIN which also included the rights of a FAMSITE.

The occasion was also graced by the FAMSA PRESIDENT. NJANG EMMANUEL who had nothing but good words to say and portrayed a leader that is committed to the root of all the running of FAMSA activities.

Schools that participated includes University Of Cape Coast, University for Development Sciences Tamale, Bowen University, Babcock Univerisity, Olabisis Onabanjo University, University Of Ibadan, University Of Lagos, Lagos State University, University Of Jos. Niger Delta University amidst others.

The West Africa Regional Excos lead By the West Africa Regional Coordinator Dr Olajide Oyegbile, the West Africa Regional Secretary General Dr Oyeleye Egunjobi, The West Africa Sponsorship Chairman Dr Ajibade Philip likewise the West Africa Regional Consultants and Liason Chairman Mr Abimbade Samuel and Mr Bakre Hamzat who did a wonderful work in making sure this was made possible with smiles on the face of FAMSITES, this could not have been possible without the support of the entire team which includes University For Development Sciences and their entire Executives, Also the Executives of University Of Capecoast led by the President Mr EKUBAN, Samuel, the West African Regional Executives, Mr Ope Adewale, Mr Oluwajuyigbe Mayowa, Mr Erinfolami Adeife, Mr Usigbe Victor, Mr Ola Sule, Miss sade olanubi, Mr Folorunso Goke.


Like they say pictures don’t lie, take a look as we plan and anticipate the next West Africa Regional Meeting early next year in Nigeria.

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  • Introduction

It is awry that the health sector, whose main objective is to the take care of the sick and stand against anything that proves detrimental to the wellbeing of the society, is itself a “hazard-filled” field for the workers it employs. The goals of the health sector should include “to foster a safe healthy work environment” and to protect it workers, employers, customers, and many others who might be affected by the workplace environment.


  • Hazards and Challenges of the health sector.

Challenges arise in pursuing protections for the healthcare workers in the health sector, in view of this our highly complex and hazardous work environment. Predilection exists within the health sector and health community itself concurs to limit both the awareness of hazards that do exist and the approaches used to secure a safe job.

There are millions of workers under the banner headline of the health sector. These workers represent different occupations under the sector that expose them to a variety of hazards.

In addition to the medical staff, large healthcare facilities are embraced by a wide variety of trades that have health and safety hazards associated with them.  These include medical equipment, housekeeping, mechanical maintenance, food service, laundry and administrative staff.

For example, doctors confront such potential hazards as exposure to infectious diseases and toxic substances, radiation exposure and stress, the one we hardly take cognizance of.


Why is hazard awareness lacking?

The health sector is often imagined by the public to be clean and free of hazards.

  • Hazard classes

Physical hazard

This is caused by physical agents or physical forms of energy

Examples: Radiation, lasers, noise, extreme temperature, electrical energy

Effects: Burns, cancer, physical and psychological trauma


– Wearing proper personal protective equipment, including hearing protection where necessary.

– Not entering restricted radiation areas, unless trained and authorized.


Chemical hazard

This is caused by chemical substances that potentially toxic, including medications, solutions and gases.

Examples: Hazardous anticancer drugs, sterilants, disinfectants, hormones, antineoplastic, anesthetic gases, latex gloves, aerosolized medications and hazardous waste.

Effects: Irritation, asthma, allergy, dermatitis, cancer, reproductive effects e.g. spontaneous abortion


– Wear proper personal protective equipment.

– Dispose of hazardous agents in proper containers.

– Avoid recapping needles.

– Use tools to apply or handle hazardous agents.


Biological hazard

This is caused by infectious agents, such as bacteria, fungi, virus or parasites, which may be transmitted through air, needle-stick injuries or body contact

Examples: Influenza, hepatitis B and C, HIV

Health effects: HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis, liver damage and other diseases


Mechanical hazard

This is caused by factors in the work environment that cause musculoskeletal injuries, strain, discomfort, bad postures

Examples: Lifting and moving patients, tripping or slipping and fall hazards

Health effects: Musculoskeletal disorders, strain injury, fracture, wound, upper and lower extremity injuries


– Provide assist devices for lifting.

– Encourage team lifts or start a no-lift program.

Psychological hazard

This can be caused by stressful work conditions, threats of physical violence, work organization, shift work

Examples: Unsafe staffing, workplace threats, bullying, physical violence

Health effects: Psychological stress, physical injury


– Regular staff meetings to share feelings and innovative ideas.

– Reasonable shift schedules.

– Organized and efficient work functions and environment.

– Exercises.


The health care workforce is embraced daily with harm from exposure to agents encountered in this unique and complex workplace. Understanding the real concept of occupational hazards in our Health sector and taking the precautions and safety measures into practice would be of huge gain both to the employers and the employees.

We implore the health sector to do anything within its reach to protect and retain the vital health workforce, which is a fundamental pillar of all health systems.




CONTACT:   +2347066514358

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